Synthetic drug

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Synthetic drug

           Drugs are always a burning problem in society, especially for parents, this is an obsession. Worryingly, synthetic drugs are becoming easier to find, buy and use. Currently, the number of drug addicts is increasing, most commonly teenagers aged 18-25. There are cases that are less than 30 years old but have decades of experience in drug use. Synthetic drugs when used long-term can seriously affect users’ health, especially mental health.

         The following article will provide you with the most general information about synthetic drugs and the harmful effects that you need to know before using them.

I. What are synthetic drugs?

      1.Synthetic drug concept

  • Synthetic drugs or new generation stimulants are drugs that are researched and produced in a laboratory to mimic the effects on the human brain of substances such as marijuana, cocaine, etc.
Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

 

 

– The purpose of synthetic drugs is to serve personal needs, entertainment, relaxation or a way for people to feel euphoric. In addition, some substances are studied for medicinal purposes, used as a medicine.

– Essentially, synthetic drugs are another version of drugs that are already considered illegal. Manufacturers will change old substances into legal new compounds so that they retain the same psychoactive effects.

– Synthetic drugs often have very strong psychoactive effects (maybe greater than traditional drugs) and contain many chemicals of unknown origin that can be dangerous to users.

– However, in reality, manufacturers hardly know the ingredients in the packages of drugs they produce. Just a very small change has created a whole new line of drugs. The user cannot determine the exact amount of synthetic drugs on his body.

– Currently there is very little research on the short-term and long-term effects of synthetic drugs on the human body. Users need to consider carefully before deciding to use.

    2.Other names

      To cover the eyes of functional forces, synthetic drugs are often disguised as herbal products, plant products or bath salts, jewelry cleaners, etc. So the name synthetic drugs is also meaningless. same diversity and abundance. Eg:

– new drugs (NED)

– bath salts (monkey dust)

– herbal high

– herb flavor

– aphrodisiac tea

– NBOMes

– Legitimate stimulants

– drugs used in parties

– synthetic cocaine

– synthetic marijuana

– herbal ecstasy

– plant fertilizer

– drug derivatives

– research chemicals.

          It is also because of their diversity that judging the legality of a synthetic drug is extremely difficult.

 

 

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

There are many types of synthetic drugs with different shapes

3. History of synthetic drugs

      Synthetic drugs are chemical compounds that are purposefully synthesized by humans in the laboratory to replace old substances. The newly created compound can meet medical needs or become a new job for drug dealers to avoid the eyes of the authorities.

          It is very difficult for the control agencies to keep up with the rate of new substance development of synthetic drugs. When a substance is deemed illegal, manufacturers will almost immediately change some of the chemical composition to create a new substance that retains the inherent psychoactive effects. Therefore, the hallmarks of synthetic drugs are their instability and indeterminacy. This has greatly affected the health of users compared to traditional drugs.

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

         For example, a synthetic drug called Spice was first introduced in the UK and within a few years it became popular in many other countries. Spice was originally branded as a “non-human drug”. But for sellers and buyers, it is implicitly understood that this is a newly discovered drug. The main target audience of this drug is young adolescents who are often looking for novel drugs. Spice is advertised as being made from plants laced with cannabinoids that are similar to THC found in the cannabis plant but are non-addictive and completely safe for humans. This is the perfect alternative to traditional cannabis which is now banned in some countries.

           However, regular Spice users often experience drug abuse such as: changing emotions, thoughts, obsessive compulsions, etc. Therefore, it can be concluded that new drugs can still be as addictive as narcotics. Traditional and should be used with care.

      4.Classification

          The world of synthetic drugs is extremely rich with thousands of different drugs, but in general there are 6 types as follows

4.1. Synthetic cannabinoids

– Another name: synthetic marijuana

– Designed to mimic the effects of natural cannabis, first sold in 2004

          Synthetic cannabinoid has similarities to the active ingredient THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol) found in the cannabis plant, which is primarily responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis on humans. Now, however, some new cannabinoids do not mimic the effects of THC but still use the name synthetic cannabis.

           Synthetic cannabinoids are often mixed with solvents, combined with herbs, and sold as colorful packs. They are often smoked or sometimes drunk as a tea.

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

     – The chemicals in each package of synthetic cannabinoids can be different, even if they are of the same brand and color. Two different packages from the same production batch can affect you in different ways.

      Popular types of synthetic cannabis:

+ Spice: appeared the earliest in the synthetic cannabis

+ Kronic

+ northern lights

+ lighting gold (yellow light)

+ mojo

+ blue lotus (blue lotus)

+ godfather (godfather)

– Most types of synthetic cannabis are still very new, there is not much accurate information about their effects and harms on the human body.

4.2. Phenethylamines

           This is a class of psychostimulants that includes amphetamines and MDMA. This group also includes synthetic hallucinogens such as synthetic NBOMes and benzodifurans (‘bromo-dragonfly’).

          Usually used in tablet or powder form.

– Phenethylamine stimulates the human body to produce a number of active substances that affect the nervous state (depression). People who do not naturally make enough phenethylamine on their own can use the oral form to supplement. However, using too much of this substance will also cause unpredictable side effects.

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

Chemical formula of Phenethylamines

4.3. Synthetic Cathinones

– Is a group of drugs related to the khat plant. Drugs of this class have a nerve stimulant effect by mimicking the effects of amphetamines: speeding up the transmission of information between the brain and the body

– Used mainly in the form of white or brown powder, small tough crystals, capsules, tablets.

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

                                                        Thirst leaves can be addictive

     4.4. Tryptamines

      Tryptamines are hallucinogenic drugs commonly found in plants, animals, and fungi that are then synthesized into stimulants.

     For example, dimethy Birdptamine (DMT) or psilocybin

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

Chemical Formula Tryptamines

      4.5. Piperazine

Piperazines are a class of chemicals that mimic the effects of MDMA. These synthetic drugs are often sold under the name ‘MDMA’ and as tablets, capsules or powders.

Some common piperazines are 1-benzylpiperazine (BZP) and trifuoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP). When these two chemicals are combined, they can have the same effect as MDMA.

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

                                                                                 Piperazine-type MDMA drug

       4.6. New benzodiazepines

        New benzodiazepines may be sold under the name, ‘legal benzodiazepines’ or ‘research chemicals’. These include chemicals that have been tested but not approved for medical use, or manufactured substances that are structurally different from existing benzodiazepines.

      There is currently limited human understanding of the short- and long-term health effects of benzodiazepines. So be very careful when using them.

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

       5.Some common types of synthetic drugs are:

– LSD (aka stamp)

– Ecstasy

– Amphetamines

– Methamphetamine

– Ketamine

-Mushroom

– Laughing ball

-Seawater

– Bath salts

a) Spice and K2

        These are the 2 most popular drugs of the synthetic cannabis line. The drug is sold in small, silver-smelling plastic bags shaped like dried leaves. It can also be found in liquid form. These 2 substances are exaggerated by the manufacturer with advantages such as legality and safety, but the truth is that this is a highly addictive drug.

Synthetic drug
Synthetic drug

b) Molly or Ecstasy

Molly also known as MDMA is a synthetic version of Ecstasy. This drug is often distributed at music festivals and nightclubs in the form of colored pills. Users often mistake these pills as pure MDMA, but in fact, they have been impregnated with some other compounds to increase the effect of the drug.

c) Krokadil

Krokodil also known as desomorphinr is a derivative of the opioid pain reliever codeine. It is similar to heroin in both uses and effects. This drug is highly addictive and can be made at home by mixing codeine with thinners such as paint, gasoline, hydrochloric acid, and iodine. Krokodil is known to be many times more lethal than heroin.

d) Synthetic cocaine

Synthetic cocaine is easily found and accessible in most countries. It is commonly sold with names such as: “research chemicals”, “plant foods” or some other misleading name.

       e) Bath salts

        Bath salts are synthetic, hallucinogenic stimulants similar to LSD. The name “bath salts” is derived from their appearance: usually contained inside small plastic packages or foil, in the form of tiny beads. They are also sold in a number of other forms such as capsules or liquid. Some other names for bath salts are: Arctic Blast, Blue Silk, Monkey Dust…

 

       f) Psychedelic drugs

         Synthetic versions of the drug LSD are known as N-boms or Smiles. These are powerful hallucinogens. There are many variations of them but the most popular is “25l”. N-bombs are usually sold in liquid, powdered form. The way this synthetic drug is used is: intravenously, inhaled, or taken orally/swallowed. A small amount of this potion can cause an effect that lasts up to 12 hours for the player.

       g) Opium

        This is a synthetic version of fentanyl and ketamine that is widely available and easy to find. They are usually injected but can also be inhaled or inhaled. These drugs have more unpredictable and severe side effects than drugs of the same origin. Ketamine is often referred to by gamers as Vitamin K.

       6.Compare synthetic drugs – natural drugs – semi-synthetic drugs

  • Natural drugs:

– Appeared thousands of years ago and exist until now

– Are drugs available in nature, are alkaloids of some plants such as poppy, cannabis, hemp, coca…

– The compounds found in natural drugs are: THC, CBD, CBN, THCV… In which, THC is the most commonly mentioned psychostimulant. THC can be prepared pure from cannabis plant components.

– Some popular synthetic drugs: marijuana, opium resin…

– Most natural drugs are well researched for their effects, harms and effects on the human body.

                                                                                                 Poppy

  • Semi-synthetic drugs

– Derived from natural drugs but synthesized with some other active ingredients to increase the effect.

For example:

         Morphine: extracted from the poppy plant, after undergoing a synthesis process, it will create Heroin. Heroin cannot be found in nature, so it is called a semi-synthetic drug.

  • Synthetic drugs

Are drugs that do not occur in nature, synthesized from chemicals called precursors. Currently, we still do not have a complete view of the effects of synthetic drugs on humans.

     II. Synthetic drug production

        According to incomplete statistics in 2018, the whole world produced nearly 8000 tons of drugs of all kinds. In which, the three countries with the highest production are Afghanistan, Mexico and Myanmar. The synthetic drug industry has been going on for more than 40 years, generating billions of dollars in revenue for illicit traffickers.

  • In the European region, the three most commonly found synthetic drugs are: amphetamine, ecstasy (mainly MDMA), methamphetamine.

– Methamphetamine: commonly produced as pure consumable crystals. Factories are usually located in Eastern Europe and then shipped throughout Europe for consumption. This is a dangerous drug, especially harmful to public health and requires close monitoring.

        Amphetamine: Although production of Amphetamine has decreased, the amount of this drug given each year has increased. This shows a huge demand for this drug in Europe.

– Ecstasy: In Europe, there is a trend to produce synthetic ecstasy instead of pure MDMA. MDMA factories were demolished in many countries such as Belgium and the Netherlands.

  • In East Asia, Southeast Asia

– In general, the situation of illegal drug production and opium cultivation in this area is still very complicated, threatening social order and safety.

– Myanmar continues to be the country with the largest opium growing area in Southeast Asia (43,600 ha) and second in the world. In addition, the quantity of methamphetamine tablets produced in Myanmar is also transported throughout the countries of the Mekong sub-region.

– Notably, ketamine-type drugs are currently increasing rapidly in both production scale and consumption demand in this region.

– Heroin is mainly produced abroad and then sent to an intermediary country (usually Vietnam) to be sent to East Asia (China, Korea).

III. Medical effects of synthetic drugs

We often hear about the bad effects of synthetic drugs on users as well as the community. However, legally synthesized compounds can be used in the medical field as drugs to treat diseases:

  • Synthetic cannabinoids: act as synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) that bind to CB1 and CB2 receptors. The main effect is psychotropic, reducing nausea, dizziness. This compound exists in both solid and liquid form, and is sometimes consumed as a powder.
  • Phenethylamine acts as a psychostimulant, reducing symptoms of depression, usually taken in pill form
  • Alprazolam helps with insomnia, usually taken in pill form

IV. Harm of synthetic drugs

1.Effects of synthetic drugs on the human body

        Synthetic drugs renew and transform daily. So many of them are still unresearched. Just changing a very small ingredient can create a new drug. These combinations have not been recognized as safe and are potentially dangerous. Without any oversight, there would be no way to accurately track, calculate or report the short-term risks or long-term side effects of synthetic drugs. Users are completely unaware of what they are using, harmful or not.

         Some experiments have found MDPV in synthetic drugs, This is a highly active chemical compound added to mimic older drugs. MDPV has extremely dangerous effects on human health but is still added by drug manufacturers to increase the effectiveness of new drugs,

         The following are some of the common side effects of synthetic drug use:

-Sensitive

-reduced cognitive ability

– Muscle pain, jaw pain

– loss of appetite

– lingering hallucinations

– acute agitation

-paranoia

– Having problems related to the heart, chest pain

-Headache

– Having negative thoughts like suicide

         If abused for a long time, synthetic drugs can cause permanent damage to the mind and body of the user. This is a common risk when abusing nearly any drug, especially when using synthetic drugs because users have no way of knowing exactly what drug is entering their system. However, the level of dependence on each person is different and depends on a number of factors:

– Usage time, usage density

– drug(s) used

– age

– Physical health

– psychological characteristics

– method of use

        The following are signs of abuse of some types of synthetic drugs:

  • Synthetic cannabinoid abuse: often with symptoms:

–           insomnia

–           paranoia

–           scared

–         agitated and irritable

–           worry

–           mood swings

–           arrhythmic heartbeat

  • Abuse of synthetic benzodiazepines: often with symptoms:

– Headache

– muscle aches or twitches

– dizziness and shaking

– nausea, vomiting, stomach pain

– strange dreams, trouble sleeping, fatigue

– poor concentration

– Anxiety and irritability

– changes in perception, senses become sensitive

– delusions, hallucinations and paranoid appearances

– convulsion.

        Many of the compounds that make up synthetic drugs include very dangerous chemicals that pose a lot of risk when they react with each other. Because new batches of drugs are constantly changing their chemical composition, it is practically impossible to predict the health hazard of a particular synthetic drug until deaths occur. because of them. As a result, people who use synthetic drugs regularly are at increased risk of permanent damage such as memory loss, paralysis, and decreased IQ.

2.Effects of synthetic drugs on the brain

       Synthetic drugs have the same connection to the human mind and body as naturally produced drugs.

       Synthetic cannabinoids, or synthetic cannabis, bind to the same receptors in the brain as THC, but produce a much stronger effect. So the risk of addiction is great, and regular use is likely to lead to:

–           kidney damage

–           High Blood Pressure

–           convulsion.

        Especially when overdosing on synthetic marijuana, people’s physical and mental health will suffer enormous damage that is hard to recover.

         Synthetic cathinones, or synthetic sedation, have devastating side effects similar to cocaine. Although there are great differences in how they form and how they interact with our bodies, they affect the brain the same way cocaine does, but much more strongly. For example, the chemical called 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), popularly known as “bath salt,” is 10 times more potent than cocaine. This compound has long-term mental and physical effects including addiction, breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, kidney failure, brain swelling and death.

       And synthetic opioids like fentanyl bind to the body’s opioid receptors – which control pain and emotions – much like natural opioids derived from opiates and semi-synthetic opioids like Vicodin. But pure synthetic opioids made in the lab are much stronger, so the risk of overdose and death is very high, and the long-term effects are similar to other opioids. Some of their side effects include:

  • Slow breathing, restricting oxygen flow to the brain and causing permanent brain damage or coma

–  Organ failure, damage to the nerves that transmit pain or pleasure

–   Dead.

     3. Influence on the mind: inciting violence, aggression

      When using synthetic drugs for the first time or long-term, they can lead to violent and aggressive behaviors in many people. Synthetic drugs cause people to hallucinate, thus becoming paranoid and taking aggressive action against innocent bystanders.

        For example, bath salts are one of the most popular synthetic drugs available and are known as a powerful, addictive stimulant that can cause people to be extremely agitated, along with hallucinogens. Bath salts can even cause some users to start self-harming, putting them at higher risk of suicide.

     Flakka, or stone usually encapsulated with a small pill, has an active ingredient called alpha-PVP that has a hallucinogenic effect. This drug has similar effects to LSD and can allow users to feel refreshed just by sucking on a few tiny seeds.

 

     4. Other harmful effects of synthetic drugs

– Synthetic drugs or any type of drug also reduce the user’s ability to work and study.

– People addicted to drugs easily lead to personality deterioration, behavioral disorders, loose living, easy to commit crimes (robbery, theft).

– Synthetic drugs reduce the quality of the breed, affecting the body, especially the reproductive system.

– People addicted to synthetic drugs affect their family’s economic ability, affect their members, and cause physical and mental harm to their loved ones.

– Addiction is always an obsession of the whole society, disrupting social order and safety, increasing evils such as theft, murder, thugs assaulting others…

– In addition, drug addiction is also the source of the extremely dangerous HIV/AIDS disease.

V.Safe use of synthetic drugs

        Today, synthetic drugs have become a headache for the authorities because of its unpredictable danger.

 1.Why are synthetic drugs dangerous?

        Emerging or emerging synthetic drugs are often rare or have never been fully tested. This means that if you use them there is a risk of serious harm because:

–           Unknown origin

– Unknown ingredients and manufacturing method

– Unknown safe dosage

– It is not clear how synthetic drugs affect the body

– It is not clear how quickly the effects of the drug will come on, and how long it will last

– Unknown side effects and harm encountered when overdos 

     2.Methods of using synthetic drugs

  • Use via inhalation/aspiration:

– Subjects of use: powder or crystal drugs

– Advantages: for fast results, the high comes early and strong

– Risks: damage to the lungs and nose/mouth (because when inhaled the crystals can easily scratch the mucosa), the effect is shorter than the oral route, so it is recommended to use a dose of 2

 

  • Eat/drink/swallow drugs:

– Subjects of use: drugs in pill form

– How to use: swallow directly or use with food and drink

– Advantages: the high comes slowly, is strong and lasts for a long time

– Disadvantages: the time to promote the results is slow, so many people think that there is no effect, so they use more and overdose

  • Injection method:

– Subjects of use: drugs in liquid or liquid form

– Advantages: the drug goes directly into the bloodstream and travels throughout the body, giving an almost perfect high

– Risk: transmission of diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, C; prone to side effects when injecting improperly, contaminated needles.

3. Safe dosage

One thing is for sure: There is no safe dose when using synthetic drugs. Because:

           Synthetic drugs are constantly changing. Drugs with the same name, same packaging do not necessarily have the same chemical composition. Sometimes in the same production batch, the dose in each drug package is also different. Just because you use this drug safely today does not mean it will be safe next time.

          It is estimated that synthetic drugs are being renewed every week, which means you will not be able to know what drugs are being loaded into you.

          Each synthetic drug experience will bring different experiences. Even a drug you think is completely safe can cause an overdose and death.

        Using synthetic drugs will limit your ability to work, making it dangerous for you to drive or operate machinery. Even low doses affect concentration, coordination and reflexes, as well as the ability to handle situations, increasing reckless behavior.

      The only way to ensure your safety is not to use synthetic drugs.

4.Overdose when using synthetic drugs

Symptoms of a synthetic drug overdose include:

– Hypertension

– Too hot

– Dilation of the pupil

– The breakdown of muscle fibers

– Teeth grinding

– Sweat

– Headache

– Heart beats fast

– Convulsion

 

         Currently, there is no recognized antidote to synthetic drug overdose. First aid methods are also complex enough to help a person experiencing an overdose. In particular, do not arbitrarily give first aid without a doctor or medical staff nearby. First, it is necessary to put on a breathing mask for the victim, use sedatives so that they do not have extreme actions to hurt themselves and those around them.

      An example of an overdose of the synthetic drugs Cathinone is a sudden increase in body temperature. When the temperature becomes too high, it can lead to brain damage, so recognizing the symptoms and giving first aid in time is extremely important.

IV. Addiction to synthetic drugs

        1.Situation of synthetic drug use in Vietnam

         Due to its geographical location bordering the “golden triangle” area and China, Vietnam has become an intermediary for transporting drugs from Southeast Asian countries to East Asia. Therefore, drug addiction in our country is extremely complicated, especially with synthetic drugs

         In the first half of 2022, the police force investigating drug crimes has successfully dismantled 13417 cases of seizing 466 kg of heroin, more than 2 million synthetic drug tablets and many related exhibits.            According to statistics, there are over 200,000 drug addicts nationwide. This is a huge source of drug consumption and tends to increase every year, potentially causing many risks to social insecurity.

          Especially because of the wide popularity and variety of models, the number of people using synthetic drugs has increased rapidly, mainly among teenagers who lack understanding and curiosity, so they use it. addiction. This is a really great danger to society that needs to be dealt with in a timely manner.

          2.Why are synthetic drugs used a lot?

Here are some of the reasons we have compiled to answer the question of why the number of people using synthetic drugs has increased so quickly:

– Synthetic drugs are diverse in types, sizes, colors, shapes and can be easily found and purchased in many different places.

– Synthetic drugs are many times stronger than natural drugs, so they are often used to find pleasure for themselves.

– Some people have a misconception that: Synthetic drugs are safer than natural drugs. And this is completely wrong!

          So who are the subjects that use synthetic drugs the most?

    There are two main subjects using synthetic drugs:

– Teenagers aged 12-17: this is the target audience of synthetic drug dealers. Teenagers at this age often have easy access to drugs through the Internet, plus their curiosity can easily lead to the use of synthetic drugs.

– Recovering addicts: Those who are recovering from traditional drugs such as heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine… often look to synthetic drugs as an alternative. They often think the new drug will be safe and non-addictive. However, according to the above analysis, synthetic drugs are extremely dangerous and can still be addictive like any other drug.

Synthetic drugs
Synthetic drugs

Teenagers aged 12-17 are the main target of synthetic drugs

          3.Signs of synthetic drug addiction

          Each type of synthetic drug will have a different way of causing addiction, so the manifestations of abuse of each type are also different. Some general symptoms of drug addiction are as follows:

– Mood swings, frequent anxiety, insecurity, sadness, irritability, anger

– Muscle aches, body fatigue, lack of vitality

– Nausea or vomiting

– The whole body is numb, it feels like there are ants crawling under the skin.

– Wrinkled skin and sores

– Lose weight fast

– Perspiration smells bad

– Halitosis

– Frequent nosebleeds

– Visibly dark circles.

– Sweat a lot, body temperature increases significantly

– Violent acts that harm themselves and those around them, struggling, screaming

– Appears paranoia, delirium

– There are tools to use drugs in the house

       If you see a loved one or friend of yours having these symptoms, it is important to take them to a drug test as soon as possible to avoid dangerous situations in the future.

Synthetic drugs
Synthetic drugs

        3.Drug addiction treatment

        If you have fallen into a state of addiction to synthetic drugs, the addict needs to quickly undergo detoxification. There are 2 forms of detoxification recognized by law as:

– Detox at home

– Detoxification at concentration camps

Measures that can be used are:

  • Detoxification without using drugs:

– Dry weaning method

– Hypnotic method

– Frontal lobe surgery method

– Electromagnetic method

  • Drug addiction treatment

– Methods of using antagonists

– Alternative therapies

– Method of gradual weaning

– Using psychotropic drugs

– Using non-narcotic substances to stop addiction

– Using oriental medicine

  • Psychological and emotional counseling methods

– Use emotional language

– Method of detoxification by practice, relaxation and self-suggestion

The steps to conduct detoxification in Vietnam are as follows:

– Receiving, classifying and identifying addiction status to come up with an appropriate treatment regimen

– Treatment of addiction, detoxification, treatment of mental disorders and other arising diseases

– Behavioral education, personality rehabilitation counseling

– Apprenticeship, vocational education

– Prepare to reintegrate into the community

           The duration of detoxification is dependent on the form, lasting from 6-12 months. However, this timeline is for reference only, each addict will have a different detox time.

          However, a problem arises here: there are people who have successfully completed detoxification, but when they reintegrate into the community, they relapse again. Therefore, the will of the addict is the determining factor in the success of detoxification.

VII. Synthetic drug poisoning

         1.How do synthetic drugs cause poisoning?

Synthetic drugs
Synthetic drugs

Emergency victims due to synthetic drug poisoning

         Referring to synthetic drugs, we often refer to the dependent and addictive effects with struggles, hallucinations, and paranoia. In fact, drugs can also cause acute poisoning in the following cases:

– First time using

– After using it for a long time

– Overdose

         Some symptoms of synthetic drug poisoning are:

– Arrhythmia, heart beating too fast

– Stimulating, struggling

– Sweating slightly

– Increased cerebral blood flow

– Fainting

– Convulsion

– Weak breathing

          When experiencing these conditions, it is important to call an ambulance immediately. If delayed, the victim may experience dangerous conditions such as: Brain hemorrhage

– Heart attack

– Brain damage that cannot be repaired

– Dead

          The question now is what mechanism makes synthetic drugs so dangerous. I would like to answer as follows:

Synthetic drugs
Synthetic drugs

           Synthetic drugs when entering the body will directly affect the central nervous system. Initially, they change the chemical composition of nerve cells leading to changes in the structure of the cells. This will lead to a condition known as schizophrenia or what players often call a “brain barrel” (i.e. the brain has been severely damaged).

          The acute effects of synthetic drugs can cause cardiovascular collapse, high blood pressure. Especially in the worst case, the victim may have respiratory failure causing immediate respiratory arrest. And according to one study, using synthetic drugs is 10 times more likely to die than heroin. So be very careful before using synthetic drugs, the danger will always be next to your sublimation moments.

          2.Synthetic drug poisoning treatment

          Currently, there is no specific antidote for synthetic drugs, mainly using sedatives for patients. The production of antagonists for synthetic drugs is also difficult because their mechanism of action on the brain is still unclear. This is different from heroin, which now has a separate antagonist.

In order to save people with drug shock while waiting for an ambulance and medical staff to come to support, we need to try to maintain the patient’s breathing by:

– Take off your clothes

– Open airway, support breathing

– Put them in the resuscitation position, in a cool place

– Perform local chest compressions if necessary

              Conclude:

              Synthetic drugs are now very dangerous and widely available. The main target audience of this drug is young people who are easily attracted by effects such as: creating a feeling of happiness, high. In addition, synthetic drugs are often falsely advertised for their safety and legality. They can cause serious side effects, even death. The best way to help people around you who are already using synthetic drugs is to talk to them about the dangers of this drug, or to intervene in time.

         Above is all the information about synthetic drugs that we want to provide to you. For any comments, please contact:

Hotline: 0963.889.249

Email: kimhung,sales@gmail.com

Website: https://kimhung.vn/